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J Med Chem. 2010 Nov 11;53(21):7573-86. doi: 10.1021/jm100600y.

Development, validation, and use of quantitative structure-activity relationship models of 5-hydroxytryptamine (2B) receptor ligands to identify novel receptor binders and putative valvulopathic compounds among common drugs.

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Division of Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United States.


Some antipsychotic drugs are known to cause valvular heart disease by activating serotonin 5-HT(2B) receptors. We have developed and validated binary classification QSAR models capable of predicting potential 5-HT(2B) actives. The classification accuracies of the models built to discriminate 5-HT(2B) actives from the inactives were as high as 80% for the external test set. These models were used to screen in silico 59,000 compounds included in the World Drug Index, and 122 compounds were predicted as actives with high confidence. Ten of them were tested in radioligand binding assays and nine were found active, suggesting a success rate of 90%. All validated actives were then tested in functional assays, and one compound was identified as a true 5-HT(2B) agonist. We suggest that the QSAR models developed in this study could be used as reliable predictors to flag drug candidates that are likely to cause valvulopathy.

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