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Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Oct;136(10):1009-14. doi: 10.1001/archoto.2010.169.

The association between semicircular canal dehiscence and Chiari type I malformation.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, 620 John Paul Jones Cir, Portsmouth, VA 23708-2197, USA. Jeffery.Kuhn@med.navy.mil

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the association between semicircular canal dehiscence (SCD) and Chiari type I malformation (CM-I).

DESIGN:

Retrospective case series.

SETTING:

Military tertiary referral center.

PATIENTS:

Adult patients with SCD.

INTERVENTION:

Review of records of patients diagnosed as having SCD for the radiologic diagnosis of CM-I and presenting symptoms.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The prevalence of CM-I among patients with SCD and the presenting symptoms of patients with SCD with and without a coexistent CM-I.

RESULTS:

Of 32 patients diagnosed as having SCD, 30 underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Seven patients (23%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 12%-41%) were found to have a CM-I. Chiari type I malformation was associated with superior SCD in 3 of 26 patients (12%; 95% CI, 3%-30%). Of 10 patients with bilateral superior SCD, 2 (20%; 95% CI, 5%-52%) had a CM-I. Five of 6 patients (83%; 95% CI, 42%-99%) had a CM-I with unilateral or bilateral posterior SCD. Twenty-nine records were reviewed for presenting symptoms, and no significant difference was observed between patients with SCD alone and those with an associated CM-I (P = .09-.64).

CONCLUSIONS:

Among patients with SCD, the prevalence of CM-I is elevated. This association is especially marked in patients with posterior SCD. This finding suggests a relationship between CM-I and SCD, particularly with posterior SCD.

PMID:
20956749
DOI:
10.1001/archoto.2010.169
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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