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Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Oct;136(10):971-8. doi: 10.1001/archoto.2010.173.

Mandibular segmental defect regenerated with macroporous biphasic calcium phosphate, collagen membrane, and bone marrow graft in dogs.

Author information

1
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U791, Nantes, France. franck.jegoux@chu-rennes.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To reconstruct segmental mandibulectomy using calcium phosphate ceramics and collagen membrane with a delayed bone marrow grafting in experimental animals.

DESIGN:

Defects of segmental mandibulectomy were filled with calcium phosphate granules and wrapped with a collagen membrane in 4 dogs and left empty as a control in 2 dogs. Two months later, a bone marrow graft was injected into the center of the implants. Animals were humanely killed after a 16-week delay.

SUBJECTS:

Six adult beagles were included in this study.

INTERVENTION:

Segmental mandibulectomy.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Bone ingrowth and material resorption in the reconstructed segment.

RESULTS:

Successful osseous colonization bridged the whole length of the defects. The good new bone formation at the center and the periosteum-like formation at the periphery suggest the osteoinductive role of the bone marrow graft and the healing scaffold role of the membrane.

CONCLUSIONS:

This model succeeded in regenerating a large segmental defect in the mandible. An investigation with a postimplantation radiation delivery schedule is required with the use of this model, which should be considered as a preclinical study for a bone tissue engineering approach in patients with cancer-related bone defects.

PMID:
20956742
DOI:
10.1001/archoto.2010.173
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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