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J Immunol. 2010 Nov 15;185(10):6085-95. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1001423. Epub 2010 Oct 18.

The peritoneal cavity B-2 antibody repertoire appears to reflect many of the same selective pressures that shape the B-1a and B-1b repertoires.

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Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA.


To assess the extent and nature of somatic categorical selection of CDR-3 of the Ig H chain (CDR-H3) content in peritoneal cavity (PerC) B cells, we analyzed the composition of V(H)7183DJCμ transcripts derived from sorted PerC B-1a, B-1b, and B-2 cells. We divided these sequences into those that contained N nucleotides (N(+)) and those that did not (N(-)) and then compared them with sequences cloned from sorted IgM(+)IgD(+) B cells from neonatal liver and both wild-type and TdT-deficient adult bone marrow. We found that the PerC B-1a N(-) repertoire is enriched for the signatures of CDR-H3 sequences present in neonatal liver and shares many features with the B-1b N(-) repertoire, whereas the PerC B-1a N(+), B-1b N(+), and B-2 N(+) repertoires are enriched for adult bone marrow sequence signatures. However, we also found several sequence signatures that were not shared with other mature perinatal or adult B cell subsets but were either unique or variably shared between the two or even among all three of the PerC subsets that we examined. These signatures included more sequences lacking N nucleotides in the B-2 population and an increased use of D(H) reading frame 2, which created CDR-H3s of greater average hydrophobicity. These findings provide support for both ontogenetic origin and shared Ag receptor-influenced selection as the mechanisms that shape the unique composition of the B-1a, B-1b, and B-2 repertoires. The PerC may thus serve as a general reservoir for B cells with Ag binding specificities that are uncommon in other mature compartments.

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