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Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2011 Jan-Feb;84(1-2):51-5. doi: 10.1016/j.plefa.2010.09.005. Epub 2010 Oct 16.

Reduced placental docosahexaenoic acid levels associated with increased levels of sFlt-1 in preeclampsia.

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Department of Nutritional Medicine, Interactive Research School for Health Affairs, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune 411043, India.


Our earlier studies, in preeclamptic women have shown altered levels of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), essential constituents of the cell membrane lipids responsible for membrane stability as one of the key factors contributing to the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. We have also reported elevated levels of sFlt-1 in preeclampsia. The present study examines the levels of LCPUFA and their association with sFlt-1 levels in 69 pre-eclamptic women and 40 normotensive women. DHA and omega 3 fatty acid levels were lower (p<0.001) while arachidonic acid and omega 6 fatty acid levels were higher (p<0.05) in preeclamptic women as compared to normotensive women. Maternal plasma sFlt-1 levels were higher (p<0.05) in preeclamptic women and were negatively associated with DHA (p=0.008) and omega 3 fatty acids concentrations (p=0.031). Our results suggest that altered placental LCPUFA may result in altered membrane lipid fatty acid composition leading to increased release of sFlt-1 in circulation.

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