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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011 Dec 1;81(5):1387-93. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.07.1992. Epub 2010 Oct 14.

Treatment effects and sequelae of radiation therapy for orbital mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan. mhata@syd.odn.ne.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Among extranodal lymphomas, orbital mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a relatively rare presentation. We performed a review to ascertain treatment efficacy and toxicity of radiation therapy for orbital MALT lymphoma. We also evaluated changes in visual acuity after irradiation.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Thirty patients with orbital MALT lymphoma underwent radiation therapy with curative intent. Clinical stages at diagnosis were stage IEA in 29 patients and stage IIEA in 1 patient. Total doses of 28.8 to 45.8 Gy (median, 30 Gy) in 15 to 26 fractions (median, 16 fractions) were delivered to the tumors.

RESULTS:

All irradiated tumors were controlled during the follow-up period of 2 to 157 months (median, 35 months) after treatment. Two patients had relapses that arose in the cervical lymph node and the ipsilateral palpebral conjunctiva outside the radiation field at 15 and 67 months after treatment, respectively. The 5-year local progression-free and relapse-free rates were 100% and 96%, respectively. All 30 patients are presently alive; the overall and relapse-free survival rates at 5 years were 100% and 96%, respectively. Although 5 patients developed cataracts of grade 2 at 8 to 45 months after irradiation, they underwent intraocular lens implantation, and their eyesight recovered. Additionally, there was no marked deterioration in the visual acuity of patients due to irradiation, with the exception of cataracts. No therapy-related toxicity of grade 3 or greater was observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Radiation therapy was effective and safe for patients with orbital MALT lymphoma. Although some patients developed cataracts after irradiation, visual acuity was well preserved.

PMID:
20950950
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.07.1992
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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