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Ultrasound Med Biol. 2010 Dec;36(12):2048-56. doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2010.07.020. Epub 2010 Oct 15.

Mechanical stimulation improves survival in random-pattern skin flaps in rats.

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Graduate Program, Federal University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine (UNIFESP-EPM), Sao Paulo, Brazil.


This was a study on the effects of 3-MHz ultrasound at 16- and 100-Hz pulse repetition frequencies on angiogenesis and viability of random-pattern skin flaps in rats. A cranially-based dorsal skin flap was raised in 60 EPM-Wistar rats, which were randomly divided into four groups: control, sham, 16-Hz and 100-Hz groups. The mean percentage of necrosis was as follows: control, 42% ± 13%; sham, 18% ± 13%; 16-Hz group, 13% ± 10%; and 100-Hz group, 15% ± 7%, with significant differences between the control and the other groups (p < 0.001). The mean vascular density was as follows: control, 5% ± 2%; sham, 7% ± 2%; 16-Hz group, 21% ± 4%; and 100-Hz group, 24% ± 10%, with significant differences between control and ultrasound groups, and between the sham and ultrasound groups (p < 0.001). Both ultrasound treatments (16- and 100-Hz PRFs) induced angiogenesis, and sham and ultrasound treatments improved viability of random-pattern skin flaps in rats.

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