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Int J Cancer. 2011 Aug 1;129(3):680-90. doi: 10.1002/ijc.25715. Epub 2010 Nov 23.

Micro-RNA profiles in osteosarcoma as a predictive tool for ifosfamide response.

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1
Unité INSERM U590 équipe Cytokines et Cancer, Centre Léon Bérard, 69373 Lyon cedex 08, France. angeliquegougelet@gmail.com

Abstract

Micro-RNAs (miRNA) are currently used as cancer biomarkers for hematological cancers and solid tumors. Osteosarcoma is the first primary malignant bone tumor, characterized by a complex genetic and resistance to conventional treatments. For this latter property, the median survival has not been improved since 1990 despite preoperative administration of chemotherapeutic agents. The prediction of tumor response before chemotherapy treatment would constitute a major progress for this pathology. We assessed in this study if miRNA profiling could surpass the current limitations for osteosarcoma diagnosis. We measured the miRNA expression in different osteosarcoma samples: (i) 27 osteosarcoma paraffin-embedded tumors from patients, (ii) human osteosarcoma cell lines, and (iii) tumors from a syngeneic rat osteosarcoma model, recapitulating human osteosarcoma. miRNA profiles were determined using microfluidic cards performing high-throughput TaqMan(®) -based PCR assays, called TaqMan(®) Low Density Arrays. Osteosarcoma of rat and human origins showed a miRNA signature, which could discriminate good from bad responders. In particular, we identified five discriminating miRNAs (miR-92a, miR-99b, miR-132, miR-193a-5p and miR-422a) in patient tumors, which could be easily transferable to diagnosis. These discriminating miRNAs, as well as those identified in rat, targeted the TGFβ, the Wnt and the MAP kinase pathways. These results indicate that our platform constitutes a potent diagnostic tool to predict tumor sensitivity to a drug in attempt to better adapt treatment to tumor biological specificities and also to identify new potential therapeutic strategies.

PMID:
20949564
DOI:
10.1002/ijc.25715
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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