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PLoS One. 2010 Oct 8;5(10):e13205. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013205.

Ultra-deep sequencing reveals the microRNA expression pattern of the human stomach.

Author information

1
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Brazil. akely@ufpa.br

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

While microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in tissue differentiation and in maintaining basal physiology, little is known about the miRNA expression levels in stomach tissue. Alterations in the miRNA profile can lead to cell deregulation, which can induce neoplasia.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

A small RNA library of stomach tissue was sequenced using high-throughput SOLiD sequencing technology. We obtained 261,274 quality reads with perfect matches to the human miRnome, and 42% of known miRNAs were identified. Digital Gene Expression profiling (DGE) was performed based on read abundance and showed that fifteen miRNAs were highly expressed in gastric tissue. Subsequently, the expression of these miRNAs was validated in 10 healthy individuals by RT-PCR showed a significant correlation of 83.97% (P<0.05). Six miRNAs showed a low variable pattern of expression (miR-29b, miR-29c, miR-19b, miR-31, miR-148a, miR-451) and could be considered part of the expression pattern of the healthy gastric tissue.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

This study aimed to validate normal miRNA profiles of human gastric tissue to establish a reference profile for healthy individuals. Determining the regulatory processes acting in the stomach will be important in the fight against gastric cancer, which is the second-leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide.

PMID:
20949028
PMCID:
PMC2951895
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0013205
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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