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PLoS One. 2010 Oct 11;5(10):e13230. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013230.

Identification of Mendel's white flower character.

Author information

1
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The genetic regulation of flower color has been widely studied, notably as a character used by Mendel and his predecessors in the study of inheritance in pea.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

We used the genome sequence of model legumes, together with their known synteny to the pea genome to identify candidate genes for the A and A2 loci in pea. We then used a combination of genetic mapping, fast neutron mutant analysis, allelic diversity, transcript quantification and transient expression complementation studies to confirm the identity of the candidates.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

We have identified the pea genes A and A2. A is the factor determining anthocyanin pigmentation in pea that was used by Gregor Mendel 150 years ago in his study of inheritance. The A gene encodes a bHLH transcription factor. The white flowered mutant allele most likely used by Mendel is a simple G to A transition in a splice donor site that leads to a mis-spliced mRNA with a premature stop codon, and we have identified a second rare mutant allele. The A2 gene encodes a WD40 protein that is part of an evolutionarily conserved regulatory complex.

PMID:
20949001
PMCID:
PMC2952588
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0013230
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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