Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
PLoS One. 2010 Oct 11;5(10):e13340. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013340.

Genome-wide data-mining of candidate human splice translational efficiency polymorphisms (STEPs) and an online database.

Author information

1
Bristol Genetic Epidemiology Laboratories, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Variation in pre-mRNA splicing is common and in some cases caused by genetic variants in intronic splicing motifs. Recent studies into the insulin gene (INS) discovered a polymorphism in a 5' non-coding intron that influences the likelihood of intron retention in the final mRNA, extending the 5' untranslated region and maintaining protein quality. Retention was also associated with increased insulin levels, suggesting that such variants--splice translational efficiency polymorphisms (STEPs)--may relate to disease phenotypes through differential protein expression. We set out to explore the prevalence of STEPs in the human genome and validate this new category of protein quantitative trait loci (pQTL) using publicly available data.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Gene transcript and variant data were collected and mined for candidate STEPs in motif regions. Sequences from transcripts containing potential STEPs were analysed for evidence of splice site recognition and an effect in expressed sequence tags (ESTs). 16 publicly released genome-wide association data sets of common diseases were searched for association to candidate polymorphisms with HapMap frequency data. Our study found 3324 candidate STEPs lying in motif sequences of 5' non-coding introns and further mining revealed 170 with transcript evidence of intron retention. 21 potential STEPs had EST evidence of intron retention or exon extension, as well as population frequency data for comparison.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

Results suggest that the insulin STEP was not a unique example and that many STEPs may occur genome-wide with potentially causal effects in complex disease. An online database of STEPs is freely accessible at http://dbstep.genes.org.uk/.

PMID:
20948966
PMCID:
PMC2952627
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0013340
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center