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Cancer Biol Ther. 2010 Dec 15;10(12):1306-14. Epub 2010 Dec 15.

Clinical and biological impact of EphA2 overexpression and angiogenesis in endometrial cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

EphA2 overexpression predicts poor prognosis in endometrial cancer. To explore mechanisms for this association and assess its potential as therapeutic target, the relationship of EphA2 expression to markers of angiogenesis was examined using patient samples and an orthotopic mouse model of uterine cancer.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Expression of EphA2, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), Ki-67, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and microvessel density (MVD) was evaluated using immunohistochemistry in 85 endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinomas (EEC) by two independent investigators. Results were correlated with clinicopathological characteristics. The effect of EphA2- agonist monoclonal antibody EA5, alone or in combination with docetaxel was studied in vitro and in vivo. Samples were analyzed for markers of angiogenesis, proliferation and apoptosis.

RESULTS:

Of 85 EEC samples, EphA2 was overexpressed in 47% of tumors and was significantly associated with high VEGF expression (p=0.001) and high MVD counts (p=0.02). High EphA2 expression, high VEGF expression and high MVD counts were significantly associated with shorter disease-specific survival. EA5 led to decrease in EphA2 expression and phosphorylation in vitro. In the murine model, while EA5 (33-88%) and docetaxel (23-55%) individually led to tumor inhibition over controls, combination therapy had the greatest efficacy (78-92%, p.

PMID:
20948320
PMCID:
PMC3047089
DOI:
10.4161/cbt.10.12.13582
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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