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J Biol Chem. 2010 Dec 17;285(51):39953-64. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.158063. Epub 2010 Oct 13.

GPRC6A mediates the non-genomic effects of steroids.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38103, USA.


The identity of the putative G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) that mediates the non-genomic effects of androgens is unknown. We present in vitro and in vivo evidence that the orphan GPRC6A receptor, a widely expressed calcium and amino acid sensing GPCR, transduces the non-genomic effects of testosterone and other steroids. Overexpression of GPRC6A imparts the ability of extracellular testosterone to illicit a rapid, non-genomic signaling response in HEK-293 cells lacking the androgen receptor. Conversely, testosterone-stimulated rapid signaling and phosphorylation of ERK is attenuated in bone marrow stromal cells derived from GPRC6A(-/-) mice and in 22Rv1 prostate cancer cells after siRNA-mediated knockdown of GPRC6A. Compared with wild-type controls, GPRC6A(-/-) null mice exhibit significantly less ERK activation and Egr-1 expression in both bone marrow and testis in response to pharmacological doses of testosterone in vivo. In addition, testosterone administration results in suppression of luteinizing hormone in wild-type male mice, but paradoxically stimulates serum luteinizing hormone levels in GPRC6A(-/-) null mice. These results suggest that GPRC6A is functionally important in regulating non-genomic effects of androgens in multiple tissues.

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