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Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2010 Oct;21(5):393-401. doi: 10.1016/j.cytogfr.2010.09.001. Epub 2010 Oct 14.

Interleukin-26: an IL-10-related cytokine produced by Th17 cells.

Author information

1
Division of Therapeutic Proteins, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Raymond.Donnelly@fda.hhs.gov

Abstract

IL-26 is classified as a member of the IL-10 cytokine family because it has limited sequence homology to IL-10 and the IL-10-related cytokines. The human IL-26 gene, IL26, is located on chromosome 12q15 between the genes for two other important class-2 cytokines, IFNG (IFN-γ) and IL22 (IL-22). IL-26 is often co-expressed with IL-22 by activated T cells, especially Th17 cells. It signals through a heterodimeric receptor complex composed of the IL-20R1 and IL-10R2 chains. IL-26 receptors are primarily expressed on non-hematopoietic cell types, particularly epithelial cells. Signaling through IL-26 receptor complexes results in the activation of STAT1 and STAT3 with subsequent induction of IL-26-responsive genes. The biological functions of IL-26 have only begun to be defined.

PMID:
20947410
PMCID:
PMC2997847
DOI:
10.1016/j.cytogfr.2010.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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