Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Thromb Haemost. 2011 Jan;9(1):71-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1538-7836.2010.04104.x.

Factor V Leiden as a risk factor for preterm birth--a population-based nested case-control study.

Author information

Department of Hemostasis, Finnish Red Cross Blood Service, Helsinki, Finland.



Preterm birth is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality, occurring in 5-13% of deliveries in developed countries. Genetic thrombophilia can theoretically contribute to the induction of preterm delivery, but the role of thrombophilia as risk factor is unclear.


To assess factor V Leiden, FII G20210A and other selected inherited and acquired variables as risk factors for preterm birth.


We performed a population-based nested case-control study of 100,000 consecutive pregnancies in Finland. Cases and controls were identified by combining national registers. Clinical data were obtained from medical records and standardized questionnaires. We studied 324 cases with preterm delivery at or after 22 and before 37 completed weeks of gestation, and 752 controls.


FV Leiden was associated with a 2.4-fold risk (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.3-4.6) of preterm birth in all pregnancies, and a 2.6-fold risk (95% CI 1.4-5.1) in singleton pregnancies. FV Leiden was especially associated with late preterm birth at or after 32 weeks of pregnancy, with an odds ratio (OR) of 2.9 (95% CI 1.5-5.6) in all pregnancies and an OR of 3.1 (95% CI 1.6-6.2) in singleton pregnancies. FII G20210A was not associated with preterm birth. Twin pregnancy (OR 12.0, 95% CI 6.0-24.1) and a history of venous thrombosis (OR 3.8, 95% CI 1.4-9.8) were associated with increased risk. High educational level and modest overweight (body mass index 25-29.9 kg m(-2) ) had protective effects.


Maternal carriage of FV Leiden was associated with increased risk of late but not early preterm birth. FII G20120A was not associated with preterm birth.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center