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Wound Repair Regen. 2010 Nov-Dec;18(6):662-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2010.00631.x. Epub 2010 Oct 13.

Mechanisms of improved wound healing in Murphy Roths Large (MRL) mice after skin transplantation.

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1
House of Experimental Therapy, Department of Surgery, Surgical Research Division, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Abstract

Scars arise in the late phase of wound healing and are characterized by fibroplasia. Previous controversial studies have discussed the regenerative wound healing capacity of Murphy Roths Large (MRL) mice. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of improved wound healing in a skin transplantation model. Skin grafts from MRL and haplotypically identical B10.BR mice were cross-transplanted. At day 10, B10.BR and MRL grafts on B10.BR recipients deposited collagen and showed severe apoptosis. Grafts of MRL recipients were not affected by such alterations and showed an enhanced healing progress. They were characterized by higher partial pressure of tissue oxygen, increased microcirculation, exceptionally intense neovascularization, and a blunted inflammatory response. This phenotype was accompanied by increased vascular endothelial growth factor expression, augmented by enhanced signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) phosphorylation. These effects were combined with a decreased STAT1 expression and phosphorylation. STAT1 pattern variation was associated with decreased Smad7 levels. Furthermore, MRL recipients showed improved stem cell recruitment to the wound area. The basic accelerated wound healing mechanism in MRL mice found in this skin transplantation model is improved engraftment; this is based on enhanced neovascularization and reduced inflammation. These effects are most likely due to higher vascular endothelial growth factor levels and changes in the STAT/Smad signal pathway, which may enhance transforming growth factor-β signaling, reducing proinflammatory responses.

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