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Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011 Apr;111(4):621-31. doi: 10.1007/s00421-010-1681-6. Epub 2010 Oct 14.

Influence of training status and exercise modality on pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics in pubertal girls.

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School of Sport and Health Sciences, St Luke's Campus, University of Exeter, Heavitree Road, Exeter EX1 2LU, UK.


The influence of training status on the oxygen uptake (VO2) response to heavy intensity exercise in pubertal girls has not previously been investigated. We hypothesised that whilst training status-related adaptations would be evident in the VO2, heart rate (HR) and deoxyhaemoglobin ([HHb]) kinetics of pubertal swimmers during both lower and upper body exercise, they would be more pronounced during upper body exercise. Eight swim-trained (T; 14.2 ± 0.7 years) and eight untrained (UT; 14.5 ± 1.3 years) girls completed a number of constant-work-rate transitions on cycle and upper body ergometers at 40% of the difference between the gas exchange threshold and peak VO2. The phase II VO2 time constant (τ) was significantly shorter in the trained girls during both cycle (T: 21 ± 6 vs. UT: 35 ± 11 s; P < 0.01) and upper body exercise (T: 29 ± 8 vs. UT: 44 ± 8 s; P < 0.01). The VO2 slow component was not influenced by training status. The [HHb] τ was significantly shorter in the trained girls during both cycle (T: 12 ± 2 vs. UT: 20 ± 6 s; P < 0.01) and upper body exercise (T: 13 ± 3 vs. UT: 21 ± 7 s; P < 0.01), as was the HR τ (cycle, T: 36 ± 5 vs. UT: 53 ± 9 s; upper body, T: 32 ± 3 vs. UT: 43 ± 2; P < 0.01). This study suggests that both central and peripheral factors contribute to the faster VO2 kinetics in the trained girls and that differences are evident in both lower and upper body exercise.

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