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Eur J Public Health. 2011 Oct;21(5):627-31. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckq151. Epub 2010 Oct 13.

Social and behavioural characteristics of a sample of AIDS Help-Line users never tested for HIV in Italy.

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1
Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie ed Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy. pietro.gallo@iss.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We conducted an anonymous cross-sectional telephone survey among persons who had never undergone HIV testing to determine their socio-demographic characteristics, behaviour, risk perception and reasons for not being tested.

METHODS:

A questionnaire was administered to adult callers to the Italian National AIDS Help-Line who reported that they had never been tested for HIV.

RESULTS:

The study sample consisted of 539 individuals. The individual who does not undergo testing is young (median age 30 years), male (85.5%), unmarried (79.0%), employed (70.1%) and with a high educational level (81.6%). More than two-thirds of the respondents had little or no perception of risk. Among persons who had more than one sexual partner, 47.0% do not use a condom. When dividing the respondents into two groups (i.e. high risk and lower risk), the results showed that the proportion of respondents with a high risk was higher among women (73.1%), among persons >35 years (76.3%) and among persons with a low educational level (77.8%). Individuals who had hadbeen seen in health-care facilities also reported high-risk behaviour.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results indicate the socio-demographic characteristics, behaviours, risk perception and reasons for not being tested among a sample of callers to Italy's National AIDS Help-Line, and they confirm the necessity of gearing prevention activities towards heterosexuals and young adults with a low perception of risk.

PMID:
20943995
DOI:
10.1093/eurpub/ckq151
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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