Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Public Health. 2011 Oct;21(5):627-31. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckq151. Epub 2010 Oct 13.

Social and behavioural characteristics of a sample of AIDS Help-Line users never tested for HIV in Italy.

Author information

Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie ed Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.



We conducted an anonymous cross-sectional telephone survey among persons who had never undergone HIV testing to determine their socio-demographic characteristics, behaviour, risk perception and reasons for not being tested.


A questionnaire was administered to adult callers to the Italian National AIDS Help-Line who reported that they had never been tested for HIV.


The study sample consisted of 539 individuals. The individual who does not undergo testing is young (median age 30 years), male (85.5%), unmarried (79.0%), employed (70.1%) and with a high educational level (81.6%). More than two-thirds of the respondents had little or no perception of risk. Among persons who had more than one sexual partner, 47.0% do not use a condom. When dividing the respondents into two groups (i.e. high risk and lower risk), the results showed that the proportion of respondents with a high risk was higher among women (73.1%), among persons >35 years (76.3%) and among persons with a low educational level (77.8%). Individuals who had hadbeen seen in health-care facilities also reported high-risk behaviour.


The results indicate the socio-demographic characteristics, behaviours, risk perception and reasons for not being tested among a sample of callers to Italy's National AIDS Help-Line, and they confirm the necessity of gearing prevention activities towards heterosexuals and young adults with a low perception of risk.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center