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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2010 Nov;69(11):1105-15. doi: 10.1097/NEN.0b013e3181f8c539.

The proteome of human brain after ischemic stroke.

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Neurovascular Research Laboratory, Neurology Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital Research Institute, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.


Although stroke is among the most common causes of death and chronic disability worldwide, the proteome of the ischemic human brain remains unknown. Only a few studies have investigated the ischemic brain proteome in rodent stroke models. We performed a proteomic study of the human brain after ischemic stroke using a 2-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis-based proteomic approach. In brain samples from 6 deceased stroke patients and 3 control subjects, there was an average of 1,442 ± 231 protein spots in the gels. Changes of at least 1.5-fold in the relative expression of 132 protein spots between different cerebral areas (infarct core, peri-infarct, and contralateral tissue) were identified (p < 0.05); 39 of these were successfully identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. Among the identified protein spots, we validated the results of 10 proteins by Western blot and determined the cellular localization in brain parenchyma for 3 of the identified proteins: dihydropyrimidinase-related protein 2, vesicle-fusing ATPase, and Rho dissociation inhibitor 1. These results contribute to understanding the processes that follow cerebral ischemia; moreover, some of the identified proteins may be therapeutic targets or biologic markers for determining the diagnosis and prognosis of stroke.

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