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J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2011 Jun;26(3):386-93. doi: 10.3109/14756366.2010.518965. Epub 2010 Oct 13.

The inhibition study of human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases with cytochrome P450 selective substrates and inhibitors.

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Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Laboratory of Drug Metabolism & Pharmacokinetics, Science Park, Luo Gang District, Guangzhou, China.


Human uridine-5'-diphosphoglucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are the major phase II metabolizing enzymes. In the present study, five human UGTs (UGT1A1, 1A4, 1A6, 2B7, and 2B10) were individually expressed and used to examine the inhibition IC(50) values of 20 selective substrates and inhibitors of major cytochromes P450 (CYPs). The inhibition kinetics of UGT1A1 was also analyzed. The results showed that some compounds like α-naphthoflavone, paclitaxel, midazolam, cyclosporine A, and ketoconazole displayed strong inhibitions on UGT activities with their IC(50) values in a range of 4.1-26 µM. Especially, the IC(50) values were 4.1 ± 0.8 µM for ketoconazole in inhibiting UGT1A1-mediated β-estradiol-3-glucuronidation, and 4.9 ± 0.3 µM for paclitaxel towards UGT1A4-mediated midazolam-N-glucuronidation. Additionally, the IC(50) values of bupropion, tolbutamide, and testosterone in inhibiting UGT-mediated metabolisms were similar with the K(m) values of respective CYPs. Some kinetic behaviours of UGTs were following Michaelis-Menten kinetics, while some were not.

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