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Drug Deliv. 2011 Feb;18(2):131-42. doi: 10.3109/10717544.2010.520353. Epub 2010 Oct 12.

Preparation and characterization of intravenously injectable curcumin nanosuspension.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, PR China.

Abstract

The interest in nanosuspensions by the pharmaceutical industry is increasing given several nanosuspension products currently on the market for poorly soluble drugs. In this study, a novel dosage form for curcumin (CUR), CUR nanosuspension (CUR-NS), was successfully prepared by high pressure homogenization to improve CUR's cytotoxicity, as well as improve its application via intravenous injection. Characterization of the CUR-NS was evaluated by morphology, size, zeta potential, solubility, dissolution rate, and crystal state of drug. The nanoparticles for CUR-NS presented a sphere-like shape under transmission electron microscopy with an average diameter of 250.6 nm and the zeta potential of CUR-NS was -27.92 mV. Solubility and dissolution rate of CUR in the form of CUR-NS were significantly increased due to the small particle size and the crystalline state of CUR was preserved to increase its stability against degradation. Superior cytotoxicity in Hela and MCF-7 cells was obtained for CUR-NS compared with CUR solution. The safety evaluation showed that, compared with the CUR solution, CUR-NS provided less local irritation and phlebitis risks, lower rate of erythrocyte hemolysis. These findings suggest that CUR-NS may represent a promising new drug formulation for intravenous administration in the treatment of certain cancers.

PMID:
20939679
DOI:
10.3109/10717544.2010.520353
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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