Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Appl Psychol. 2011 Jan;96(1):113-33. doi: 10.1037/a0021016.

Too much of a good thing: curvilinear relationships between personality traits and job performance.

Author information

1
TUI University, 5665 Plaza Drive, Cypress, CA 90630, USA. huyanhle@gmail.com

Abstract

The relationships between personality traits and performance are often assumed to be linear. This assumption has been challenged conceptually and empirically, but results to date have been inconclusive. In the current study, we took a theory-driven approach in systematically addressing this issue. Results based on two different samples generally supported our expectations of the curvilinear relationships between personality traits, including Conscientiousness and Emotional Stability, and job performance dimensions, including task performance, organizational citizenship behavior, and counterproductive work behaviors. We also hypothesized and found that job complexity moderated the curvilinear personality–performance relationships such that the inflection points after which the relationships disappear were lower for low-complexity jobs than they were for high-complexity jobs. This finding suggests that high levels of the two personality traits examined are more beneficial for performance in high- than low-complexity jobs. We conclude by discussing the implications of these findings for the use of personality in personnel selection.

PMID:
20939656
DOI:
10.1037/a0021016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Psychological Association
Loading ...
Support Center