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J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Nov 10;58(21):11243-9. doi: 10.1021/jf1026372. Epub 2010 Oct 12.

Chemical composition of five commercial Gynostemma pentaphyllum samples and their radical scavenging, antiproliferative, and anti-inflammatory properties.

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Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, United States.


Five Gynostemma pentaphyllum (GP) samples were investigated and compared for their chemical compositions and their antioxidant, antiproliferative, and anti-inflammatory effects. Extracts (50% acetone, 75% ethanol, and 100% ethanol) of the five GP samples (GP1-5) differed in their total phenolic, saponin, and flavonoid contents and in their rutin and quercetin concentrations. The highest level of total flavonoids was 63.5 mg of rutin equiv/g in GP4, and the greatest total phenolic content was 44.3 mg of gallic acid equiv/g in GP1 with 50% acetone as the extraction solvent. GP2 had the highest total saponin content of 132.6 mg/g with 100% ethanol as the extraction solvent. These extracts also differed in their scavenging capacity against DPPH and hydroxyl radicals, although they all showed significant radical scavenging capacity. The 100% ethanol extracts also showed dose-dependently strong inhibition on IL-6 and Ptgs2 mRNA expression and weak inhibition on TNF-α mRNA expression. In addition, GP1 had the highest antiproliferative activity at 3.2 mg equiv/mL concentration in HT-29 human colon cancer cells. The results from this study will be used to promote the application of G. pentaphyllum for improving human health.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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