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Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2011 Mar;14(1):53-7. doi: 10.1038/pcan.2010.36. Epub 2010 Oct 12.

Relationship between initial PSA density with future PSA kinetics and repeat biopsies in men with prostate cancer on active surveillance.

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1
Department of Urology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

The objective of our study is to examine the correlation between PSA density (PSAd) at the time of diagnosis with PSA velocity (PSAV), PSA doubling time and tumour progression, on repeat biopsy, in men with prostate cancer on active surveillance. Data from 102 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer on active surveillance in the period between 1992 and 2007, who had the necessary parameters available, were collected. PSAd was calculated and correlated with PSAV, PSA doubling time (PSADT), Gleason score at diagnosis and local progression on repeated biopsies. PSAV was 0.64 and 1.31 ng ml(-1) per year (P = 0.02), PSADT of 192 and 113 months (P = 0.4) for PSAd below and above 0.15, respectively. The rate of detecting high Gleason score (≥ 7) at diagnosis was 6 and 23% for PSAd below and above 0.15, respectively. A total of 101 patients underwent at least a second biopsy and the incidence of upgrading was 10 and 31% for PSAd below and above 0.15, respectively (P = 0.001). Although low PSAd is an accepted measure for suggesting insignificant prostate cancer, our study expands its role to indicate that PSAd < 0.15 may be an additional clinical parameter that may suggest indolent disease, as measured by future PSAV and repeat biopsy over time.

PMID:
20938463
PMCID:
PMC3036981
DOI:
10.1038/pcan.2010.36
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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