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J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2010 Oct 11;7:50. doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-7-50.

Fall prevention and vitamin D in the elderly: an overview of the key role of the non-bone effects.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, Angers University Hospital, Angers University Memory Center, UPRES EA 2646, University of Angers, UNAM, Angers, France. ceannweiler@chu-angers.fr

Abstract

Preventing falls and fall-related fractures in the elderly is an objective yet to be reached. There is increasing evidence that a supplementation of vitamin D and/or of calcium may reduce the fall and fracture rates. A vitamin D-calcium supplement appears to have a high potential due to its simple application and its low cost. However, published studies have shown conflicting results as some studies failed to show any effect, while others reported a significant decrease of falls and fractures. Through a 15-year literature overview, and after a brief reminder on mechanism of falls in older adults, we reported evidences for a vitamin D action on postural adaptations - i.e., muscles and central nervous system - which may explain the decreased fall and bone fracture rates and we underlined the reasons for differences and controversies between published data. Vitamin D supplementation should thus be integrated into primary and secondary fall prevention strategies in older adults.

PMID:
20937091
PMCID:
PMC2959005
DOI:
10.1186/1743-0003-7-50
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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