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Pediatr Nephrol. 2011 Apr;26(4):509-22. doi: 10.1007/s00467-010-1653-4. Epub 2010 Oct 10.

Acute kidney injury in childhood: should we be worried about progression to CKD?

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Center for Acute Care Nephrology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 7022, Cincinnati, OH 54229-3039, USA.


While emerging evidence indicates that the incidence of both acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children is rising and that the etiologies are dramatically changing, relatively little is currently known regarding the potential for transition from AKI to CKD. Major barriers to assessing for a potential AKI to CKD link have included lack of a standard pediatric AKI definition, narrow focus only on children with AKI who receive renal replacement therapy, and reliance on serum creatinine as the main biomarker to detect and diagnose AKI and CKD. Recent data have validated a multi-dimensional AKI classification system for children and have suggested chronic kidney sequelae in pediatric populations with AKI or at risk for AKI. In addition, a number of novel AKI biomarkers are being rigorously validated as early indicators of incipient CKD. Our goals for this article are to (1) review the recent changes in pediatric AKI and CKD epidemiology, (2) explore the evidence for a potential AKI to CKD link, and (3) propose new clinical and research paradigms to better elucidate the progression from AKI to CKD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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