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IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2010 Oct;18(5):531-41. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2010.2055061.

An adaptive mixed reality training system for stroke rehabilitation.

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School of Arts, Media and Engineering and School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA.


This paper presents a novel mixed reality rehabilitation system used to help improve the reaching movements of people who have hemiparesis from stroke. The system provides real-time, multimodal, customizable, and adaptive feedback generated from the movement patterns of the subject's affected arm and torso during reaching to grasp. The feedback is provided via innovative visual and musical forms that present a stimulating, enriched environment in which to train the subjects and promote multimodal sensory-motor integration. A pilot study was conducted to test the system function, adaptation protocol and its feasibility for stroke rehabilitation. Three chronic stroke survivors underwent training using our system for six 75-min sessions over two weeks. After this relatively short time, all three subjects showed significant improvements in the movement parameters that were targeted during training. Improvements included faster and smoother reaches, increased joint coordination and reduced compensatory use of the torso and shoulder. The system was accepted by the subjects and shows promise as a useful tool for physical and occupational therapists to enhance stroke rehabilitation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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