Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010 Dec;74(12):1372-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2010.09.005. Epub 2010 Oct 8.

Fine Structure Processing improves speech perception as well as objective and subjective benefits in pediatric MED-EL COMBI 40+ users.

Author information

Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, 1 Zgrupowania AK Kampinos str, 01-943 Warsaw, Poland.



Presently, there are only few studies examining the benefits of fine structure information in coding strategies. Against this background, this study aims to assess the objective and subjective performance of children experienced with the C40+ cochlear implant using the CIS+ coding strategy who were upgraded to the OPUS 2 processor using FSP and HDCIS.


In this prospective study, 60 children with more than 3.5 years of experience with the C40+ cochlear implant were upgraded to the OPUS 2 processor and fit and tested with HDCIS (Interval I). After 3 months of experience with HDCIS, they were fit with the FSP coding strategy (Interval II) and tested with all strategies (FSP, HDCIS, CIS+). After an additional 3-4 months, they were assessed on all three strategies and asked to choose their take-home strategy (Interval III). The children were tested using the Adaptive Auditory Speech Test which measures speech reception threshold (SRT) in quiet and noise at each test interval. The children were also asked to rate on a Visual Analogue Scale their satisfaction and coding strategy preference when listening to speech and a pop song. However, since not all tests could be performed at one single visit, some children were not able complete all tests at all intervals.


At the study endpoint, speech in quiet showed a significant difference in SRT of 1.0 dB between FSP and HDCIS, with FSP performing better. FSP proved a better strategy compared with CIS+, showing lower SRT results of 5.2 dB. Speech in noise tests showed FSP to be significantly better than CIS+ by 0.7 dB, and HDCIS to be significantly better than CIS+ by 0.8 dB. Both satisfaction and coding strategy preference ratings also revealed that FSP and HDCIS strategies were better than CIS+ strategy when listening to speech and music. FSP was better than HDCIS when listening to speech.


This study demonstrates that long-term pediatric users of the COMBI 40+ are able to upgrade to a newer processor and coding strategy without compromising their listening performance and even improving their performance with FSP after a short time of experience.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center