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Neurobiol Dis. 2011 Feb;41(2):318-28. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2010.09.020. Epub 2010 Oct 13.

Modification of ubiquitin-C-terminal hydrolase-L1 by cyclopentenone prostaglandins exacerbates hypoxic injury.

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Geriatric Research Educational and Clinical Center, V.A. Pittsburgh Healthcare Center, PA 15206, USA.


Cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs), such as 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14) -prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), are active prostaglandin metabolites exerting a variety of biological effects that may be important in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases. Ubiquitin-C-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) is a brain specific deubiquitinating enzyme whose aberrant function has been linked to neurodegenerative disorders. We report that [15d-PGJ(2)] detected by quadrapole mass spectrometry (MS) increases in rat brain after temporary focal ischemia, and that treatment with 15d-PGJ(2) induces accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins and exacerbates cell death in normoxic and hypoxic primary neurons. 15d-PGJ(2) covalently modifies UCH-L1 and inhibits its hydrolase activity. Pharmacologic inhibition of UCH-L1 exacerbates hypoxic neuronal death while transduction with a TAT-UCH-L1 fusion protein protects neurons from hypoxia. These studies indicate that UCH-L1 function is important in hypoxic neuronal death and that excessive production of CyPGs after stroke may exacerbate ischemic injury by modification and inhibition of UCH-L1.

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