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Acta Biomater. 2011 Mar;7(3):1040-9. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2010.09.035. Epub 2010 Oct 16.

Injectable hydrogel scaffold from decellularized human lipoaspirate.

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Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0412, USA.


Soft tissue fillers are rapidly gaining popularity for aesthetic improvements or repair of adipose tissue deficits. Several injectable biopolymers have been investigated for this purpose, but often show rapid resorption or limited adipogenesis and do not mimic the native adipose extracellular matrix (ECM). We have generated an injectable adipose matrix scaffold by efficiently removing both the cellular and lipid contents of human lipoaspirate. The decellularized material retained the complex composition of peptides and glycosaminoglycans found in native adipose ECM. This matrix can be further processed by solubilizing the extracted ECM to generate a thermally responsive hydrogel that self-assembles upon subcutaneous injection. This hydrogel also supports the growth and survival of patient matched adipose-derived stem cells in vitro. The development of an injectable hydrogel from human lipoaspirate represents a minimally invasive option for adipose tissue engineering in terms of both the collection of source material and delivery of the scaffold.

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