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J Alzheimers Dis. 2011;23(1):7-12. doi: 10.3233/JAD-2010-101461.

A novel progranulin mutation causing frontotemporal lobar degeneration with heterogeneous phenotypic expression.

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1
Division of Neuropathology, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milano, Italy. grossi@istituto-besta.it

Abstract

Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by behavioural disturbances and cognitive decline. Here we describe an Italian family with FTLD showing remarkable phenotypic heterogeneity. Based on low plasma levels of progranulin, we analyzed the progranulin gene (GRN) in two patients with early onset and found the novel frame-shift mutation T278SfsX7. mRNA analysis confirmed the null effect of the mutation. The patients were homozygous for H1 MAPT haplotype, a disease modifier factor that can account for early age at onset. Being predictive for GRN null mutations, plasma progranulin dosage should be included in diagnostic work-up of dementia.

PMID:
20930271
DOI:
10.3233/JAD-2010-101461
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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