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Memory. 2010 Oct;18(7):774-86. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2010.514270.

Personality traits and autobiographical memory: Openness is positively related to the experience and usage of recollections.

Author information

1
Center on Autobiographical Memory Research, Department of Psychology,Aarhus University, Denmark. annesr@psy.au.dk

Abstract

We examined the relationship between the Five-Factor Model of personality and the experience and overall usage of autobiographical memory in two studies. In both studies we found that Openness was related to the directive and self functions of overall usage. In addition, Openness was related to the vividness, reliving, coherence, and centrality of event to the person's identity and life story of concrete memories in Study 2, whereas this was not found in Study 1. For the remaining "Big Five" personality traits the results were less consistent across studies. Neuroticism was related to the self function in Study 1, but also to the directive function as well as to negative affect of concrete memories in Study 1. Extraversion was positively related to the social function as well as to conversational rehearsal of memories in Study 1, but this was also not replicated in Study 2. Finally, in both studies there were no significant relationships with regard to Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. Overall, the findings replicate and extend previous work showing a positive relationship between Openness and the experience and overall usage of autobiographical memory, whereas the roles for the remaining "Big Five" are less clear.

PMID:
20924950
DOI:
10.1080/09658211.2010.514270
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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