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Mol Syst Biol. 2010 Oct 5;6:419. doi: 10.1038/msb.2010.76.

Cell-type specific analysis of translating RNAs in developing flowers reveals new levels of control.

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1
Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.

Abstract

Determining both the expression levels of mRNA and the regulation of its translation is important in understanding specialized cell functions. In this study, we describe both the expression profiles of cells within spatiotemporal domains of the Arabidopsis thaliana flower and the post-transcriptional regulation of these mRNAs, at nucleotide resolution. We express a tagged ribosomal protein under the promoters of three master regulators of flower development. By precipitating tagged polysomes, we isolated cell type-specific mRNAs that are probably translating, and quantified those mRNAs through deep sequencing. Cell type comparisons identified known cell-specific transcripts and uncovered many new ones, from which we inferred cell type-specific hormone responses, promoter motifs and coexpressed cognate binding factor candidates, and splicing isoforms. By comparing translating mRNAs with steady-state overall transcripts, we found evidence for widespread post-transcriptional regulation at both the intron splicing and translational stages. Sequence analyses identified structural features associated with each step. Finally, we identified a new class of noncoding RNAs associated with polysomes. Findings from our profiling lead to new hypotheses in the understanding of flower development.

PMID:
20924354
PMCID:
PMC2990639
DOI:
10.1038/msb.2010.76
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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