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Physiol Genomics. 2011 Jan 7;43(1):43-56. doi: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00138.2010. Epub 2010 Oct 5.

Temporal genomewide expression profiling of DSS colitis reveals novel inflammatory and angiogenesis genes similar to ulcerative colitis.

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1
Department of Pathology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport, Shreveport, Louisiana 71103, USA.

Abstract

Dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis is widely used to study pathological mechanisms and potential treatments of inflammatory bowel disease. Because temporal changes in genome expression profiles remain unknown in this model, we performed whole genome expression profile analysis during the development of DSS colitis in comparison with ulcerative colitis (UC) specimens to identify novel and common responses during disease. Colon tissue from DSS-treated mice was collected at days 0, 2, 4, and 6. Half of each specimen was used for histopathological analysis and half for Affymetrix whole genome expression profiling and qRT-PCR validation. Genesifter and Ingenuity software analysis was used to identify differentially expressed genes and perform interactive network analysis. Identified DSS-associated genes in mice were also compared with UC patient data. We identified 1,609 genes that were significantly altered during DSS colitis; the majority were functionally related to inflammation, angiogenesis, metabolism, biological adhesion, cellular growth and proliferation, and cell-to-cell signaling responses. Five hundred and one genes were progressively upregulated, while one hundred seventy-three genes were progressively downregulated. Changes in gene expression were validated in a subset of 33 genes by qRT-PCR, with r(2) = 0.925. Ingenuity gene interaction network analysis revealed novel relationships among antigen presentation, cell morphology, and other biological functions in the DSS mouse. Finally, DSS colitis gene array data were compared with UC patient array data: 152 genes were similarly upregulated, and 22 genes were downregulated. Temporal genomewide expression profile analysis of DSS-induced colitis revealed novel associations with various immune responses and tissue remodeling events such as angiogenesis similar to those in UC patients. This study provides a comprehensive view of DSS colitis changes in colon gene expression and identifies common molecules with clinical specimens that are interesting targets for further investigation.

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