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J Biol Chem. 2010 Dec 3;285(49):38069-77. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.147207. Epub 2010 Oct 5.

Classical NF-kappaB activation negatively regulates noncanonical NF-kappaB-dependent CXCL12 expression.

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Department of Animal Biology, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


Ligation of the lymphotoxin-β receptor (LTβR) by LIGHT (lymphotoxin-related inducible ligand that competes for glycoprotein D binding to herpes virus entry mediator on T cells (TNFSF14)) activates the noncanonical (NC) NF-κB (nuclear factor-κB) pathway and up-regulates CXCL12 gene expression by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). In contrast, TNF only activates classical NF-κB signaling and does not up-regulate CXCL12. To determine whether cross-talk between the classical and NC pathways affects CXCL12 expression, we investigated the effects of TNF on LIGHT signaling in HUVEC. We show here that TNF inhibits both basal and LIGHT-induced CXCL12 expression. Negative regulation by TNF requires the classical NF-κB pathway as inhibition of basal and induced CXCL12 was reversed in HUVEC-expressing dominant negative IκB (inhibitor of NF-κB) kinase (IKK)β (IKKβ(K44M)). TNF did not inhibit the NC NF-κB pathway activation as LIGHT-induced p100 processing to p52 was intact; however, TNF either alone or together with LIGHT up-regulated p100 and RelB expression and induced the nuclear localization of p100-RelB complexes. Enhanced p100 and RelB expression was inhibited by IKKβ(K44M), which led us to question whether the IκB function of elevated p100 mediates the inhibition of CXCL12 expression by TNF. We retrovirally transduced HUVEC to express p100 at a level similar to that up-regulated by TNF; however, basal and LIGHT-induced CXCL12 expression was normal in the transduced cells. In contrast, ectopic RelB expression recapitulated the effects of TNF on NC signaling and inhibited basal and LIGHT-induced CXCL12 expression by HUVEC. Our findings therefore demonstrate that TNF-induced classical NF-κB signaling up-regulates RelB expression that inhibits both basal and NC NF-κB-dependent CXCL12 expression.

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