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J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2010 Nov;21(11):1703-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2010.07.019.

Comparing strategies for operator eye protection in the interventional radiology suite.

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Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, H118, New York, NY 10065, USA.



To evaluate the impact of common radiation-shielding strategies, used alone and in combination, on scattered dose to the fluoroscopy operator's eye.


With an operator phantom positioned at the groin, upper abdomen, and neck, posteroanterior low-dose fluoroscopy was performed at the phantom patient's upper abdomen. Operator lens radiation dose rate was recorded with a solid-state dosimeter with and without a leaded table skirt, nonleaded and leaded (0.75 mm lead equivalent) eyeglasses, disposable tungsten-antimony drapes (0.25 mm lead equivalent), and suspended and rolling (0.5 mm lead equivalent) transparent leaded shields. Lens dose measurements were also obtained in right and left 15° anterior obliquities with the operator at the upper abdomen and during digital subtraction angiography (two images per second) with the operator at the patient's groin. Each strategy's shielding efficacy was expressed as a reduction factor of the lens dose rate compared with the unshielded condition.


Use of leaded glasses alone reduced the lens dose rate by a factor of five to 10; scatter-shielding drapes alone reduced the dose rate by a factor of five to 25. Use of both implements together was always more protective than either used alone, reducing dose rate by a factor of 25 or more. Lens dose was routinely undetectable when a suspended shield was the only barrier during low-dose fluoroscopy.


Use of scatter-shielding drapes or leaded glasses decreases operator lens dose by a factor of five to 25, but the use of both barriers together (or use of leaded shields) provides maximal protection to the interventional radiologist's eye.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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