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J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Oct;45(10):1989-94. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2010.06.014.

Abnormal platelet-derived growth factor signaling accounting for lung hypoplasia in experimental congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

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1
National Children's Research Centre, Our Lady's Children's Hospital Dublin, Dublin 12, Ireland.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The pathogenesis of pulmonary hypoplasia in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is not fully understood. Platelet-derived growth factor A (PDGFA) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα) play a crucial role in lung development. It has been reported that PDGF induces H(2)O(2)-production and that oxidative stress may be an important mechanism for the impaired lung development in the nitrofen rat model. We hypothesized that pulmonary expression of PDGFA and PDGFRα is altered in the nitrofen induced CDH model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Pregnant rats received 100 mg nitrofen or vehicle on gestational day 9 (D9) and were sacrificed on D15, D18 or D21. RNA was extracted from fetal left lungs and mRNA levels of PDGFA and PDGFRα were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Immunohistochemistry for protein expression of PDGFA and PDGFRα was performed. Pulmonary H(2)O(2) was measured colorimetrically.

RESULTS:

mRNA levels of PDGFRα at D15 (4.50 ± 0.87) and PDGFA at D18 (2.90 ± 1.38) were increased in the nitrofen group (P < .05). Immunohistochemistry revealed increased pulmonary expression of PDGFRα and PDGFA. H(2)O(2) content was significantly higher in the nitrofen group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Increased expression of PDGFA and PDGFRα suggests that pulmonary hypoplasia in the nitrofen CDH model may be owing to PDGF-induced oxidative stress during lung development.

PMID:
20920717
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2010.06.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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