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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Oct 29;401(4):618-23. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.09.119. Epub 2010 Oct 20.

Thr 3 phosphorylated histone H3 concentrates at centromeric chromatin at metaphase.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.


Thr 3 was one of the newly characterized phosphorylation sites on histone H3. However, the functional significance of histone H3 Thr 3 phosphorylation during mitosis is unclear. In this study, SDS-PAGE and Western blotting analysis showed that histone H3 Thr 3 was phosphorylated specially during mitosis in MCF-10A and ECV-304 cells. Using indirect immunofluorescence labeling and laser confocal microscopy, we demonstrated that histone H3 Thr 3 phosphorylation occurred from prophase to anaphase and dephosphorylated completely in telophase. Remarkably, Thr 3 phosphorylated histone H3 mostly concentrated at centromeric chromatin at metaphase, which was distinct with Ser 10 phosphorylation aggregated at the telomere, but similar to that characteristic of Thr 11 phosphorylated H3 which is largely restricted to the centromeric chromatin. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay, we provided direct evidence that the Thr 3 phosphorylated H3 is associated with centromeric DNA at metaphase. These findings suggested that at metaphase Thr 3 phosphorylated histone H3 may also participate in kinetochore assembly to promote faithful chromosome segregation and serve as another recognition code for kinetochore proteins.

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