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Scand J Dent Res. 1990 Dec;98(6):529-36.

Evaluation of a new device for measuring oral mucosal surface friction.

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Department of Oral Surgery and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.


For the objective measurement of oral mucosal dryness or moisture, a device registering oral mucosal surface slide friction has been developed. Two prototypes, Probe I and Probe II, have been tested. Probe I was constructed for initial testing of the method and was based on easily accessible electrical components. Probe I was computerized and developed for more accurate registration and also for easy handling. Reliability and validity tests were carried out on Probe I as well as on Probe II. In repeated in vitro measurements, the probes showed good reproducibility. Validity was assessed on healthy subjects injected with methylscopolamine nitrate submucosally in the labial sulcus. All subjects experienced a pronounced oral mucosal dryness within half an hour. Registration with the surface slide friction device showed maximum friction values 1-2 h after injection. These reliability and validity tests gave good results for both Probe I and Probe II, but Probe II had several practical advantages over Probe I. Both probes were considerably more sensitive to changes of the oral mucosal surface than the previously used simple friction test using the back of a mouth mirror.

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