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J Epidemiol Community Health. 2011 Oct;65(10):928-33. doi: 10.1136/jech.2009.105650. Epub 2010 Oct 1.

Newspaper reporting of suicides in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Guangzhou: compliance with WHO media guidelines and epidemiological comparisons.

Author information

1
Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong, G24 Eliot Hall, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, PR China. kwfu@hku.hk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Media guidelines for suicide reporting are available in many countries. However, to what extent the mass media comply with the guidelines is unknown. Few studies are available that investigate systematically whether the mass media reflect the epidemiological reality of suicide deaths in their articles.

METHODS:

Based on the WHO media guidelines, this study investigated the characteristics of newspaper articles of suicides in three Chinese communities, namely Hong Kong, Taiwan and Guangzhou. Epidemiological comparisons were conducted to identify the age and gender differences between the suicide victims as reported in the newspapers and the official records of suicide deaths in all three places.

RESULTS:

The results found that one media characteristic complied with the WHO media guidelines (ie, only about 2% of the articles were printed on the front page), but there were a number of instances of non-compliance (ie, only 4-14% provided sources for help-seeking and 27-90% printed with photos). The epidemiological comparisons revealed an over-representation of younger suicides and an under-representation of late-life suicides in the newspapers of all three places. Furthermore, female suicides were found to be under-reported in Taiwan and Guangzhou newspapers, but not in Hong Kong papers.

CONCLUSION:

Non-compliant suicide articles are prevalent in the newspapers of these three Chinese settings. The observed media misrepresentations may potentially mislead the public and the policy makers about the actual risk for suicide in some demographic groups.

PMID:
20889589
DOI:
10.1136/jech.2009.105650
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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