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Eur J Pain. 2011 Jan;15(1):61-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpain.2010.09.002.

Effects of treatment of peripheral pain generators in fibromyalgia patients.

Author information

1
Pathophysiology of Pain Laboratory, Ce.S.I., G. D'Annunzio Foundation, Department of Medicine and Science of Aging, Chieti University, via Carlo de Tocco n. 3, Chieti, Italy.

Abstract

Fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) frequently co-occurs with regional pain disorders. This study evaluated how these disorders contribute to FS, by assessing effects of local active vs placebo treatment of muscle/joint pain sources on FS symptoms. Female patients with (1) FS+myofascial pain syndromes from trigger points (n=68), or (2) FS+joint pain (n=56) underwent evaluation of myofascial/joint symptoms [number/intensity of pain episodes, pressure pain thresholds at trigger/joint site, paracetamol consumption] and FS symptoms [pain intensity, pressure pain thresholds at tender points, pressure and electrical pain thresholds in skin, subcutis and muscle in a non-painful site]. Patients of both protocols were randomly assigned to two groups [34 each for (1); 28 each for (2)] to receive active or placebo local TrP or joint treatment [injection/hydroelectrophoresis] on days 1 and 4. Evaluations were repeated on days 4 and 8. After therapy, in active--but not placebo-treated-- groups: number and intensity of myofascial/joint episodes and paracetamol consumption decreased and pressure thresholds at trigger/joint increased (p<0.001); FS pain intensity decreased and all thresholds increased progressively in tender points and the non-painful site (p<0.0001). At day 8, all placebo-treated patients requested active local therapy (days 8 and 11) vs only three patients under active treatment. At a 3-week follow-up, FS pain was still lower than basis in patients not undergoing further therapy and had decreased in those undergoing active therapy from day 8 (p<0.0001). Localized muscle/joint pains impact significantly on FS, probably through increased central sensitization by the peripheral input; their systematic identification and treatment are recommended in fibromyalgia.

PMID:
20889359
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejpain.2010.09.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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