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Life Sci. 2010 Nov 20;87(19-22):628-37. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2010.09.026. Epub 2010 Oct 1.

GLIS, a bioactive proteoglycan fraction from Ganoderma lucidum, displays anti-tumour activity by increasing both humoral and cellular immune response.

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Institut für Biochemie und Molekularbiologie, CBF, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany.



Ganoderma lucidum, a traditional Chinese medicine, is well known as a modulator of functions of the immune system as well as an anti-tumour agent. However, its active compounds and their molecular mechanisms of action are not well established. GLIS, a proteoglycan isolated from the fruiting body of G. lucidum, stimulates directly the activation of B lymphocytes. In this work, the immunoactivation capacities of GLIS as well as its anti-tumour effect were investigated in vitro and in vivo.


Tumour-bearing mice were prepared by inoculation of mouse sarcoma S180 cells into BALB/c mice. Lymphocytes and bone marrow-derived macrophages were isolated from spleen and tibia/femurs, respectively. After stimulation with GLIS different immune responses of these cells were analysed. Anti-tumour effect of GLIS was determined.


After treatment with GLIS, spleen-derived B lymphocytes from tumour-bearing mice became activated, proliferated and produced large amounts of immunoglobulins. Bone marrow-derived macrophages from tumour-bearing mice also became activated after exposure to GLIS, and they produced important immunomodulatory substances, such as IL-1β, TNF-α and reactive nitrogen intermediates, like NO. GLIS markedly increased phagocytosis of macrophages, and very importantly, it markedly raised the macrophage-mediated tumour cytotoxicity. Treatment of mice with GLIS caused an inhibition of mouse sarcoma S180 tumour growth by 60% in vivo.


These results indicate that GLIS exhibits a capacity to increase remarkably both humoral and cellular immune activities of tumour-bearing mice and inhibits tumour growth significantly. The anti-tumour effect of GLIS results from its capacity to increase the host's immune activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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