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J Chem Phys. 2010 Sep 28;133(12):124304. doi: 10.1063/1.3482628.

Imaging the nature of the mode-specific chemistry in the reaction of Cl atom with antisymmetric stretch-excited CH4.

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1
Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences (IAMS), Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan.

Abstract

Following up our preliminary communication [Kawamata et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 4378 (2008)], the effects of the antisymmetric-stretching excitation of methane on the Cl((2)P(3/2))+CH(4) reaction are examined here over a wide range of initial collision energy in a crossed molecular beam imaging experiment. The antisymmetric stretch of CH(4) is prepared in a single rovibrational state of (v(3)=1, j=2) by direct infrared absorption, and the major product states of CH(3)(v=0) are probed by a time-sliced velocity-map imaging method. We find that at fixed collision energies, the stretching excitation promotes reaction rate. Compared to the ground-state reaction, this vibrational enhancement factor is, however, no more effective than the translational enhancement. The correlated HCl(v'=1) vibrational branching fraction shows a striking dependence on collision energies, varying from 0.7 at E(c)=2 kcal mol(-1) to about 0.2 at 13 kcal mol(-1). This behavior resembles the previously studied Cl+CH(2)D(2)(v(6)=1), but is in sharp contrast to the Cl+CHD(3)(v(1)=1) and CH(2)D(2)(v(1)=1) reactions. Dependences of experimental results on the probed rotational states of CH(3)(v=0) are also elucidated. We qualitatively interpret those experimental observations based on a conceptual framework proposed recently.

PMID:
20886929
DOI:
10.1063/1.3482628
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