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Eur J Biochem. 1978 Jun 15;87(2):341-51.

The regulation of glycogen metabolism. Purification and characterisation of protein phosphatase inhibitor-1 from rabbit skeletal muscle.


Inhibitor-1 is a protein which inhibits phosphorylase phosphatase only when it has been phosphorylated by cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase [Huang, F. L. and Glinsmann, W. H. (1976) Eur. J. Biochem. 70, 419--426]. Inhibitor-1 was purified by a heat treatment at 90 degrees C, precipitation with ammonium sulphate, chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, gel filtration on Sephadex G-100, and finally rechromatography of the phosphorylated protein on DEAE-cellulose, The protein was purified 4000-fold and 1.5 mg per 1000 g muscle was obtained in seven days corresponding to an overall yield of 15-20%. The purified protein was in a state approaching homogeneity as judged by the criteria of polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and ultracentrifugal analysis. The concentration of inhibitor-1 in vivo was calculated to be 1.5 micron, which is at least as high as the concentration of phosphorylase phosphatase. The amino acid composition of inhibitor-1 showed several unusual features. Glutamic acid and proline accounted for nearly one third of the residues, tyrosine, tryptophan and cysteine were absent, and the content of aromatic amino acids was very low. The molecular weight measured by sedimentation equilibrium centrifugation was 19200 and by amino acid analysis was 20800. These values were lower than the mol. wt 26000 determined empirically by gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate, and much lower than the apparent molecular weight of 60000 estimated by gel filtration on Sephadex G-100. The gel filtration behaviour, stability to heating at 100 degrees C and amino acid composition suggest that inhibitor-1 may possess little ordered structure. The phosphorylated from of inhibitor-1 contained close to one molecule of covalently bound phosphate per mole of protein, which is consistent with the previous finding of a unique decapeptide sequence at the site of phosphorylation, Ile-Arg-Arg-Arg-Arg-Pro-Thr(P)-Pro-Ala-Thr- [Cohen, P., Rylatt, D. B. and Nimmo, G. A. (1977) FEBS Lett. 76, 182-186].the phosphorylated form of inhibitor-1 inhibited phosphorylase phosphatase activity (0.02U) by 50% at a concentration of only 7.0 nM in the standard assay, but the phosphorylated decapeptide was 1000-2000 times less effective as an inhibitor.

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