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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2011 Feb 28;13(8):3048-58. doi: 10.1039/c0cp01085e. Epub 2010 Sep 30.

Microemulsions as reaction media for the synthesis of Pt nanoparticles.

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University College Dublin, School of Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.


For the synthesis of Pt nanoparticles we used water-in-oil droplet microemulsions as templates. The focus was on the correlation between the size of the microemulsion droplets and that of the resulting Pt particles. To study this correlation in a systematic way, all particles were synthesized at the water emulsification failure boundaries where the microemulsion droplets are spherical and where their size can easily be tuned by the amount of added water. The metallic particles were synthesized by mixing two microemulsions one of which contains the metal salt H(2)PtCl(6) and the other the reducing agent NaBH(4). The size and structure of the microemulsion droplets was studied via small-angle X-ray scattering, while the Pt particles were characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy in combination with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and selected area electron diffraction. The clear correlation between droplet and particle size was further supported by accompanying Monte Carlo simulations.

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