Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gene Ther. 2011 Jan;18(1):38-42. doi: 10.1038/gt.2010.128. Epub 2010 Sep 30.

AAV2-mediated transfer of the human aquaporin-1 cDNA restores fluid secretion from irradiated miniature pig parotid glands.

Author information

Salivary Gland Disease Center and Molecular Laboratory for Gene Therapy, Capital Medical University School of Stomatology, Beijing, PR China.


Previously (Shan et al, 2005), we reported that adenoviral vector-mediated transfer of the human aquaporin-1 (hAQP1) cDNA to minipig parotid glands following irradiation (IR) transiently restored salivary flow to near normal levels. This study evaluated a serotype 2, adeno-associated viral (AAV2) vector for extended correction of IR (single dose; 20 Gy)-induced, parotid salivary hypofunction in minipigs. At 16 weeks following the IR parotid salivary flow decreased by 85-90%. AAV2hAQP1 administration at week 17 transduced only duct cells and resulted in a dose-dependent increase in salivary flow to approximately 35% of pre-IR levels (to approximately 1 ml per 10 min) after 8 weeks (peak response). Administration of a control AAV2 vector or saline was without effect. Little change was observed in clinical chemistry and hematology values after AAV2hAQP1 delivery. Vector-treated animals generated high anti-AAV2 neutralizing antibody titers by week 4 (approximately 1:1600) and significant elevations in salivary (approximately 15%), but not serum, granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor levels. Following vector administration, salivary [Na(+)] was dramatically increased, from approximately 10 to approximately 55 mM (at 4 weeks) and finally to 39 mM (8 weeks). The findings demonstrate that localized delivery of AAV2hAQP1 to IR-damaged parotid glands leads to increased fluid secretion from surviving duct cells, and may be useful in providing extended relief of salivary hypofunction in previously irradiated patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center