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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jan;96(1):E135-40. doi: 10.1210/jc.2010-1655. Epub 2010 Sep 29.

Phosphodiesterase 11A (PDE11A) genetic variants may increase susceptibility to prostatic cancer.

Author information

1
Section of Endocrinology and Genetics, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA. fabio.faucz@pucpr.br

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Among the genomic loci harboring potential candidate genes for prostatic cancer (PCa) is the 2q31-33 chromosomal region that harbors the gene encoding phosphodiesterase 11A (PDE11A). In addition, the combined cancer genome expression metaanalysis datasets included PDE11A among the top 1% down-regulated genes in PCa.

OBJECTIVE:

In the present study, we screened 50 unrelated PCa patients of Brazilian descent for PDE11A coding defects.

DESIGN:

The study consisted of PDE11A sequencing, in vitro functional assays, and immunostaining analysis.

RESULTS:

We identified eight different sequence alterations in 15 patients (30%): one stop-codon and seven missense mutations. Three of the variants (R202C, Y658C, and E840K) were novel, and the remaining five (Y727C, R804H, R867G, M878V, and R307X) have been associated with predisposition to adrenal or testicular tumors. The overall prevalence of PDE11A-inactivating sequence variants among PCa patients was significantly higher than in 287 healthy controls (0.16 vs. 0.051, respectively, P < 0.001, odds ratio 3.81, 95% confidence interval 1.86-7.81) and the R202C, Y658C, and E840K substitutions were not found in controls. All missense mutations led to decreased PDE11A activity in human embryonic kidney 293 and PC3M cells and immunostaining of PCa samples with sequence changes showed decreased PDE11A protein expression.

CONCLUSION:

Our data suggest that, like in the adrenal cortex and the testicular germ cells, PDE11A-inactivating genetic alterations may play a role in susceptibility to PCa.

PMID:
20881257
PMCID:
PMC3038491
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2010-1655
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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