Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Prostate. 2011 Apr;71(5):489-97. doi: 10.1002/pros.21265. Epub 2010 Sep 28.

TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion prevalence and class are significantly different in prostate cancer of Caucasian, African-American and Japanese patients.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomic Pathology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prostate cancer (PCa) exhibits significant differences in prevalence and mortality among different ethnic groups. The underlying genetics is not well understood. TMPRSS2-ERG fusion is a common recurrent chromosomal aberration in PCa and is however not studied among different ethnic groups. We examined the prevalence and class of TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion in PCa from Caucasian, African-American, and Japanese patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A tissue microarray of PCa from 42 Caucasians, 64 African-Americans, and 44 Japanese patients who underwent radical prostatectomies (RP) was studied for TMPRSS2-ERG fusion using a multicolor interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization assay for ERG gene break-apart.

RESULTS:

TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion was present in 50% (21/42) of Caucasians, 31.3% (20/64) of African-Americans, and 15.9% (7/44) of Japanese (P=0.003). The gene fusion through translocation, deletion, or both occurred in 61.9% (13/21), 38.1% (8/21), and 0% (0/21) in Caucasians, 20% (4/20), 60% (12/20), and 20% (4/20) in African-Americans, and 71.4% (5/7), 28.6% (2/7), and 0% (0/7) in Japanese patients (P=0.02). A multivariate analysis demonstrated that TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion correlated with the ethnicity (P=0.03), marginally correlated with the pathologic stage (P=0.06), but not other clinicopathologic parameters, including age, preoperative PSA levels, and Gleason score.

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence and class of TMPRSS2-ERG are significantly different in PCa of Caucasian, African-American, and Japanese patients. Future studies of the molecular pathways implicated in TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion may shed light on the disparity in prevalence and mortality of PCa among different ethnic groups and help design better prevention and treatment strategies.

PMID:
20878952
DOI:
10.1002/pros.21265
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center