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Clin Psychol Psychother. 2011 Nov-Dec;18(6):553-8. doi: 10.1002/cpp.727. Epub 2010 Sep 28.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and distress in a community-based sample.

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Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, NY 10065, USA.



Numerous studies have found Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) to be useful for a wide range of problems including anxiety, pain and coping with a medical illness. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an 8-week MBSR programme in relieving distress in a community based sample.


Subjects (n = 14) were participants in the MBSR programme at a major academic medical center and completed the Profile of Mood States (POMS) and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) prior to starting the class and at the end of the 8-week course. Means and standard deviations were computed for the pre-and post-POMS total and subscale measures and the MAAS. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test was conducted.


There were significant reductions on multiple dimensions of distress on the POMS as well as a significant increase in mindful awareness as measured by the MAAS.


These results suggest that MBSR appears to be associated with a reduction of distress and increased awareness of everyday life experiences in a sample of residents living in a large urban community. 

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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