Send to

Choose Destination
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Dec;15(4):356-63. doi: 10.1177/1074248410377173. Epub 2010 Sep 27.

Effects of high- and low-sodium diets on ambulatory blood pressure in patients with hypertension receiving aliskiren.

Author information

Division of Nephrology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.


Dietary sodium reduction and, as necessary, pharmacologic treatment are recommended for hypertension management. This prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-end point, multicenter, crossover study investigated the effect of dietary sodium intake on mean ambulatory systolic blood pressure (maSBP) in patients with hypertension receiving aliskiren 300 mg once daily. Following a 2- to 4-week washout period, patients were randomized to a high- (≥ 200 mmol/d) or low- (≤ 100 mmol/d) sodium diet and were started on aliskiren, 300 mg/d. After 4 weeks, patients were crossed over to the alternate diet for an additional 4 weeks. The primary efficacy variable was change in maSBP between diets. During treatment with aliskiren, maSBP was significantly lower with the low-sodium diet compared with the high-sodium diet (least squares mean difference, 9.4 mm Hg; 95% CI, 7.5-11.4; P < .0001). The percentage of patients achieving a maSBP response to aliskiren (<130 mm Hg or a ≥ 20-mm Hg reduction from baseline) was greater with the low- (76.5%) versus the high-sodium diet (42.6%; P < .0001). Overall, 40.9% patients had ≥ 1 adverse event and the rates were similar between groups. In this study, aliskiren was well tolerated and a low-sodium diet accentuated its antihypertensive effect.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center